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Mycotoxins Degradation

  1. What are Mycotoxins
  2. Types of Mycotoxins
  3. Biotransformation of Mycotoxins

What are Mycotoxins
Mycotoxins are chemicals produced by various species of fungi (myco means fungal). These mycotoxins are some of the most toxic and carcinogenic substances for humans and animals in existence.

Types of Mycotoxins
As there are many types of fungi there is a wide variety of mycotoxins that differ in their chemical structure and toxic effects. 

  • Aflatoxins (produced by Aspergillus) - includes Aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2, M1 and M2. The toxicity of Aflatoxin is 68 times that of arsenic.
  • Ochratoxin - includes Ochratoxin A, B, and C
  • Trichothecene (produced by Stachybotrys) - includes Satratoxin-H, Vomitoxin and T-2 mycotoxins
  • Fumonisins - includes Fumonisin B1 and B2
  • Zearalenone

Effects of mycotoxins on animals

Biotransformation of Mycotoxins
Mycotoxins aren't actually alive like bacteria or mold but they are chemical compound that should be broken down so that they are not toxic any more. It takes fire at 500° Fahrenheit (260° Celsius) for half an hour to destroy trichothecene mycotoxins. Bleach (5% sodium hypochlorite) kills trichothecene mycotoxins as well as other mycotoxins including aflatoxin.

Despite that these methods can destroy mycotoxins, they cannot be used on feed or crops. Ozymes is developing enzymatic solutions for minimizing mycotoxins contamination in crops and feed. Our goal is to biotransform the harmful mycotoxins into non-toxic products using safe and effective enzymes. So when we talk about "biotransformation" it really means breaking down mycotoxins using enzymes so that their toxicity they are no longer dangerous to humans or animals.

Our enzymatic formulation is designed to be produced and used with minimum impact on the environment yet have maximum biotransformation efficiency.